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Tourism

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Tourism is one of the most dynamic sectors of the Tunisian economy and a source of currencies for the country. Tourism has a training effect on other economic sectors, such as air transport, handicrafts, trade and construction.

The geographical position of Tunisia in the southern Mediterranean , 1300 kilometers of coastline largely sandy, a warm Mediterranean climate in summer and mild during winter, a very rich heritage of civilization (eight sites inscribed to the list of the Unesco) and especially a low cost of the holiday, make the country a major destination for European tourists in Africa and the Arab world (fourth most visited country after Egypt, South Africa and Morocco): Tunisia hosted 7,048,999 visitors in 2008.

The tourists consist of stable nationalities and are fairly divided into; Libyans (1,776,881 visitors), French (1395255), Algerians (968,499), Germans (521,513), Italians (444 541), British (254,922) and Poles (207,531) in 2008. The leading group, however, tends however to diversify with regard to 2007, mainly to Eastern Europe - with an increase of 39.6% for the Poles and 14.1% to the Russians - but also to neighboring countries with an increase of 14.4% for the Libyans, and the Turkish market, British, Austrian, Czech and Spanish knowing, however, significant stalls.

Domestic tourism is the fifth largest market for this sector with 1,251,251 tourists in Tunisia for 2.75 million nights in 2006.


History 

The development of the tourism raises since the 1960s thanks to the combined share of the State and the private groups. Noting that in 1962, tourism, with 52 000 entrances and an offer of 4 000 beds, brings back only two million dinars a year. In 2006, with 6 549 549 visitors and an offer of 231 838 beds out of which, about 27 % situated in four and five stars hotels), it becomes the main source of the country currencies. The tourist sector represents 6, 5 % of the GDP today and supplies 340 000 jobs including 85,000 direct jobs), that is 11, 5 % of the occupied working population with a strong part of seasonal employment.

 

Customers 

The tourist clientele consists of stable nationalities: Libyans (1 776 881 visitors), French (1 395 255), Algerians (968 499), Germans (521 513), Italians (444 541), British (254 922) and Pole (207 531) in a rather fair way, these are the main part of visitors as divided in 2008. This leading group tends however to diversify with regard to 2007, in particular towards the Eastern Europe - with an increase of 39,6 % for the Poles and 14,1 % for the Russians - but also towards the nearby countries, with an increase of 14,4 % for the Libyans; the Turkish market, British, Austrian, Czech and Spanish experience however important stalls. Domestic tourism is the fifth largest market for this sector with 1,251,251 tourists in Tunisia for 2.75 million nights in 2006.

Seaside Tourism 

This sector contributes to highlight certain areas, mainly the east coast, totaling more than 95% of beds:

The perspectives of development plan the creation of new sea resorts along the coast with a capacity of 200 000 beds in 2015 (Zouarâa near Hammamet, Selloum near Zarzis, Hergla, Ras Dimas near Monastir and Ghedhabna near Mahdia) with the development of the integrated model of the sea resort.

Port de plaisance 

The tourism was a driving element for the development of harbour facilities. The Tunisian coast shelters eight marinas:

 

Pour For further information on tourism in Tunisia, visit our website:
www.lereflex-voyages.net